Syria: the text of the United Nations Security Council Resolution

Colombia, France, Germany, Morocco, Portugal, United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America:
draft resolution

The Security Council,

Recalling its Presidential Statements of 3 August 2011, 21 March 2012 and 5 April
2012, and also recalling all relevant resolutions of the General Assembly,

Reaffirming its support to the Joint Special Envoy for the United Nations and the
League of Arab States, Kofi Annan, and his work, following General Assembly resolution
A/RES/66/253 of 16 February 2012 and relevant resolutions of the League of Arab States,

Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and
territorial integrity of Syria, and to the purposes and principles of the Charter,

Condemning the widespread violations of human rights by the Syrian authorities, as
well as any human rights abuses by armed groups, recalling that those responsible shall be
held accountable, and expressing its profound regret at the death of many thousands of
people in Syria,

Noting the Syrian government’s commitment on 25 March 2012 to implement the
six-point proposal of the Joint Special Envoy of the United Nations and the League of
Arab States, and to implement urgently and visibly its commitments, as it agreed to do in
its communication to the Envoy of 1 April 2012, to (a) cease troop movements towards
population centres, (b) cease all use of heavy weapons in such centres, and (c) begin
pullback of military concentrations in and around population centres, and to implement
these in their entirety by no later than 10 April 2012, and noting also the Syrian
opposition’s expressed commitment to respect the cessation of violence, provided the
government does so,

Noting the Envoy’s assessment that, as of 12 April 2012, the parties appeared to be
observing a cessation of fire and that the Syrian government had started to implement its
commitments, and supporting the Envoy’s call for an immediate and visible
implementation by the Syrian government of all elements of the Envoy’s six-point
proposal in their entirety to achieve a sustained cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties,

1. Reaffirms its full support for and calls for the urgent, comprehensive, and
immediate implementation of all elements of the Envoy’s six-point proposal (annex)
aimed at bringing an immediate end to all violence and human rights violations, securing
humanitarian access and facilitating a Syrian-led political transition leading to a
democratic, plural political system, in which citizens are equal regardless of their
affiliations, ethnicities or beliefs, including through commencing a comprehensive
political dialogue between the Syrian government and the whole spectrum of the Syrian
opposition;

2. Calls upon the Syrian government to implement visibly its commitments in
their entirety, as it agreed to do in its communication to the Envoy of 1 April 2012, to (a) cease troop movements towards population centres, (b) cease all use of heavy weapons in such centres, and (c) begin pullback of military concentrations in and around population centres;

3. Underlines the importance attached by the Envoy to the withdrawal of all
Syrian government troops and heavy weapons from population centres to their barracks to
facilitate a sustained cessation of violence;

4. Calls upon all parties in Syria, including the opposition, immediately to cease
all armed violence in all its forms;

5. Expresses its intention, subject to a sustained cessation of armed violence in all
its forms by all parties, to establish immediately, after consultations between the Secretary-General and the Syrian government, a United Nations supervision mission in Syria to monitor a cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties and relevant aspects of the Envoy’s six-point proposal, on the basis of a formal proposal from the Secretary-General, which the Security Council requests to receive by 18 April 2012;

6. Calls upon the Syrian government to ensure the effective operation of the
mission, including its advance team, by: facilitating the expeditious and unhindered
deployment of its personnel and capabilities as required to fulfil its mandate; ensuring its full, unimpeded, and immediate freedom of movement and access as necessary to fulfil its mandate; allowing its unobstructed communications; and allowing it to freely and
privately communicate with individuals throughout Syria without retaliation against any
person as a result of interaction with the mission;

7. Decides to authorize an advance team of up to 30 unarmed military observers
to liaise with the parties and to begin to report on the implementation of a full cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties, pending the deployment of the mission referred to in paragraph 5 and calls upon the Syrian government and all other parties to ensure that the advance team is able to carry out its functions according to the terms set forth in paragraph 6;

8. Calls upon the parties to guarantee the safety of the advance team without
prejudice to its freedom of movement and access, and stresses that the primary
responsibility in this regard lies with the Syrian authorities;

9. Requests the Secretary-General to report immediately to the Security Council
any obstructions to the effective operation of the team by any party;

10. Reiterates its call for the Syrian authorities to allow immediate, full and
unimpeded access of humanitarian personnel to all populations in need of assistance, in
accordance with international law and guiding principles of humanitarian assistance and
calls upon all parties in Syria, in particular the Syrian authorities, to cooperate fully with the United Nations and relevant humanitarian organizations to facilitate the provision of humanitarian assistance;

11. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council on the implementation
of this resolution by 19 April 2012;

12. Expresses its intention to assess the implementation of this resolution and to
consider further steps as appropriate;

13. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Annex

Six-Point Proposal of the Joint Special Envoy of the United Nations
and the League of Arab States

(1) commit to work with the Envoy in an inclusive Syrian-led political process to
address the legitimate aspirations and concerns of the Syrian people, and, to this end,
commit to appoint an empowered interlocutor when invited to do so by the Envoy;
(2) commit to stop the fighting and achieve urgently an effective United Nations
supervised cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties to protect civilians and stabilize the country;

To this end, the Syrian government should immediately cease troop movements
towards, and end the use of heavy weapons in, population centres, and begin pullback of
military concentrations in and around population centres;

As these actions are being taken on the ground, the Syrian government should work
with the Envoy to bring about a sustained cessation of armed violence in all its forms by
all parties with an effective United Nations supervision mechanism. Similar commitments
would be sought by the Envoy from the opposition and all relevant elements to stop the
fighting and work with him to bring about a sustained cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties with an effective United Nations supervision mechanism;

(3) ensure timely provision of humanitarian assistance to all areas affected by the
fighting, and to this end, as immediate steps, to accept and implement a daily two hour
humanitarian pause and to coordinate exact time and modalities of the daily pause through an efficient mechanism, including at local level;

(4) intensify the pace and scale of release of arbitrarily detained persons, including
especially vulnerable categories of persons, and persons involved in peaceful political
activities, provide without delay through appropriate channels a list of all places in which such persons are being detained, immediately begin organizing access to such locations and through appropriate channels respond promptly to all written requests for information, access or release regarding such persons;

(5) ensure freedom of movement throughout the country for journalists and a
non discriminatory visa policy for them;

(6) respect freedom of association and the right to demonstrate peacefully as legally
guaranteed.

About Leif Eriksson

Leif Eriksson has worked in the field of asylum at the Swedish Migration Agency specializing in the Middle East, Schengen and the Dublin Regulation, as Migration Attaché and head of the migration section at the Swedish Embassy in Damascus 2005 - 2008, as a resettlement consultant at the UNHCR branch office in Damascus 2008 - 2009, Consul at the Swedish Consulate General in Jerusalem 2012 - 2013 and associate RSD/RST officer at UNHCR in Beirut 2013 - 2014. He currently lives in Tbilisi, Georgia.
This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.